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What really the Interior Design is? Hmm! How can it really make you feel better?

If you don’t like a particular style of music, theater is boring, or art doesn’t appeal to you, you can almost always avoid it. However, the architecture is different. A poorly planned project will have a lasting and lasting impact on the lives of many. For interiors, this effect is further amplified. Humanity is spending more and more time indoors, which has a direct impact on our well-being and health. 

In times of forced retirement, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic, we realize the importance of our indoor spaces for our well-being and disease prevention. 

Designing the interior environment is a great responsibility for professionals. Interior designers must plan, research, coordinate and manage these projects in order to achieve a suitably healthy and aesthetically pleasing environment for those who use the space. But what is interior design really?

Interior design is often confused with decoration. This is a misconception full of many prejudices and misunderstandings. The choice of cover, color and finish is actually one of the important aspects of interior design. But that is not the only feature.

What have to understand before start designing?

First, it is essential to understand the behaviors and desires of users to create functional and aesthetically pleasing spaces. Movement organization is a starting point that can be achieved through basic design manipulation. This division of space is possible not only through walls, but also through furniture and objects. 

At the same time, interior design should pay attention to comfortable conditions (heat, lighting or acoustics), as well as ergonomics, which determine the optimal dimensions of furniture and objects. Finally, cladding and material specifications are the most visible and superficial part of interior design, but they are just as important. 

This finishing touch forms the face of the project and communicates the vision of the designer and the wishes and needs of the user.

Let's discuss the main issues that need to be considered in more detail in interior design.

Project design is simply the positioning of equipment, furniture, and objects, whether stationary or mobile, in the space being designed. Proper layout can organize the flow of space, create a permanent place, and create a hierarchy of spaces. Especially in open architectural plans where designers have more freedom, the interior layout is essential for the proper functioning of the project. Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe were the first to challenge traditional hierarchical planning by reducing large circulation areas and using structural elements, furniture, and movable panels to divide spaces instead of walls.

Layout

To develop a good design, interior designers must consider accessibility criteria, fire escape routes, and also minimum room dimensions. There is a large body of literature that describes the appropriate dimensions for each type of space use. Ernst Neufert’s book “Data on Architects”, originally published in 1936, has been compiling best practices for the dimensions of spaces ranging from industrial kitchens to train cars. 

But as cities become denser and real estate becomes more expensive, micro- apartments and tiny homes begin to ignore these minimum standards, showing that the rules can be quietly broken. So the most important thing to understand is the space and the user needs to suggest a functional and appropriate design for each different scenario

FURNITURE

Furniture, whether fixed or mobile, has a direct impact on the quality of any interior project. It is the designer’s job to ensure that the options assigned to the project favor the daily functioning of the space, so as not to detract from basic issues such as circulation.

Especially (but not only) when it comes to small spaces, which are getting smaller and smaller, attention to the choice of each piece of furniture is paramount. For this reason, in many cases, it is often more efficient to design unique elements to make the most of every square inch.

Flexible furniture that fits together (such as stackable benches); that fold (like folding tables); that increase / decrease in size, or that can be used for dual functions (sometimes a wardrobe, sometimes an internal partition for example) are seen as the future of the furniture industry.

 

Following this trend, considering the smaller dimensions of these interior spaces, now several companies are manufacturing products for this type of miniature houses (micro-apartments or mini houses) that are challenging the old standards to make more of the smallest pieces. 

You can find it. It matches the users and modern spaces. Examples of this type of furniture are the more compact sofas and dining sets where the chairs fit perfectly under the table, allowing each piece of furniture to take up less space around it.

Plants may not be considered furniture, but they are a noteworthy aspect of interior design, as they are an important ally in bringing health and quality of life indoors. It purifies the air and absorbs chemicals commonly found inside homes and businesses. A general recommendation is to have a medium size plant for every 10 m² of space.

Ergonomics

We have been talking about the interior era over the years. As we spend more time in a more populated world, the more time we spend in the world, the more we impact the hopeless environment and our impact on health over millennia.

We have been talking about the interior era over the years. As we spend more time in a more populated world, the more time we spend in the world, the more we impact the hopeless environment and our impact on health over millennia.

Comfort can range from the aesthetics of a space, the smell of the environment, the wind that enters through a window, the temperature you feel when entering, to passive strategies that promote and improve accessibility and the application of technology or quality of life. Citizen.

How the inhabited space is visually perceived? Color, brightness, depth, and height determine whether it is welcoming, safe, invigorating, peaceful, flexible, or vice versa. 

Are you acoustically comfortable? With proper sound processing, you can talk to other people without raising your voice or listen to a speech in an auditorium without straining your ears. Too hot or too cold?

Comfortable temperatures can range from 20 to 25 degrees Celsius, but excessive cold or heat is not only annoying, it promotes the incubation period of various diseases. Does ventilation keep indoor air as clean and healthy as possible? Bad odors, mites, mold and other substance compounds are toxic to human health.

Although it may seem unfamiliar to architecture, ergonomics is a field that helps to design spaces and devices that are well adapted to the physiological, anatomical and psychological characteristics of the occupants and users of each room. 

It constitutes the relationship between the artificial environment and the actions and actions of the human body and mind. Therefore, the level of success of a good interior design is closely related to ergonomic analysis. Ergonomic analysis must begin with the study of various dimensions and proportions of the human body. 

There are anthropometric surveys that group populations according to these parameters, which can provide a flexible and effective solution to as many potential users as possible

Materials & Coatings

Not all finishes in the same line are the same. The choice is generally based on factors such as aesthetics, function and cost, but it is also important to consider the composition of each material and the impact it may have on the environment during its useful life. 

The offer of finishing materials in most markets today is so wide and diverse that factors such as origin, durability, recyclability, sanitary or environmental characteristics that are not related to the future comfort of the space being designed can be evaluated. 

Therefore, the choice of coating or finish is multifaceted and the following factors should be considered:

a.       Purpose of space. The material must recognize both the function of the space and the diversity of its potential users. When selecting, it is recommended to consider the level of traffic and local use, cleaning conditions, wear, and environmental exposure. Other factors, such as texture and color, can influence the mood of the occupants by contributing to the understanding of space and the diffusion of light.

b.      The substance of the material. The composition of the material defines its strength, flexibility and malleability, and hence its scope of application. From a chemical standpoint, it is a good idea to look at the composition of paints, plastic coatings, binders, or additives that can have a long-term detrimental (or beneficial) effect on indoor air quality.

c.       Installation system. The finish construction process includes fasteners or adhesives, and the finishing process is recommended to save money and avoid mistakes during the construction process (especially in new construction).

 

d.      Surface layer. The last coat of finish has a great impact on the comfort of a space. Surfaces can be non-slip, non-stick or waterproof. Items such as joint caps, corners, trim, and handles are designed to maximize space, among many options, including ease of cleaning, accident prevention, and ease of movement.

After all, understanding humans on a physiological, anatomical and psychological level will help them achieve a high level of comfort while respecting diversity and differences. 

Not everyone moves in the same way in space or has the same body size, and not everyone is comfortable with the same amount of light or prefers the same temperature. 

It is essential to take a holistic and multidisciplinary approach into account when designing spaces with a focus on well-being, and in-depth observation and analysis of each ‘body and mind’ is the key to achieving a successful project.

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